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The signal: China airlines are busy!
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Release time:
2 days ago
Abstract:
Theseaandtheskyareblue,andtheirpathsaremyriad.Accordingtoshipinformationobtainedbymeansofcommunicationsatellites,theactivityofshipsinChina'scoastalareasandinlandriversisincreasingrapidly.ComparedwiththatoflateFebruary,theshiptracksinthebohaibaytotheYangtzeriverestuaryandthebeibubayareainthemiddleofmarchandtheinlandrivershiptracksobtainedbysatelliteandothermeansinChina(excludingHongKong,MacaoandTaiwanareas)weresignificantlyexpanded,indicatingthattheshipoutboundandnavigationactivitywasgreatlyenhanced.ShipsfromtheseportsaremainlyfromJapan,SouthKoreaandVietnam,whichmeansChina'stradewiththesecountriesisrapidlyresuming.AstheEuropeanandAmericancountrieswereseriouslyaffectedbytheepidemicandthetradevolumedecreasedrapidly,theflightpathofthefarcoastofthesoutheastcoasttothesecountriesmainlydecreased,buttheflightpathdensityofthenearcoastengagedindomestictradeincreasedsignificantly.ByMarch20,thenumberofinboundandoutboundfreightshipsnationwidehadreached119%ofthatonJanuary20.Intheair,therewere3.8timesasmanydirectcargoflightsfromChinaaroundtheworldonMarch19astherewereonFebruary1,andmoreandfasterdeliveriesofeverythingfrommaskstomedicalsupplies.Theworld'ssecondlargesteconomy,withanannualGDPofnearly100trillionyuan,isnotonlyrapidlyresumingproduction,butalsocontributingtotheglobalfightagainsttheepidemicandeconomicstability.Guangzhouport,theworld'sfifthportincargothroughput,thepearlriverdelta"madeinChina"export.ComparedwithFebruary1,thenumberofshipsinthepearlriverestuary,abouttoentertheoceanorportsignificantlyincreasedinmid-march.Communicationsatellitesandshore-basedbasestationscanobtaininformationsuchasshipposition,speed,draughtdepthanddangerousgoodstransmittedbytheshipautomaticidentificationsystem(AIS).Especiallyforocean-goingships,satelliteAIScaneffectivelyguaranteenavigationsafety.Theoilproductslogisticsareaofdalianportcanmeettherequirementsoftheworld'slargestulcc-class(440,000ton"taiou")tankerfullof450,000tonsofcrudeoilterminal,aswellas100,000tonsofLNGterminaland150,000tonsofrefinedoilterminal,allofwhichareberkedattheport.ComparedwithFebruary1,thenumberofshipscallingatdalianportinmid-marchincreasedsignificantly.In2020,thefirstnewlyopenedshippingrouteofdalianportisthecontainertraderoutebetweenquanzhouanddalian,whichnotonlymeetsthesupplydemandofthemanufacturersofepidemicpreventionmaterialsinsouthChina,butalsoexpandsthetransportationrangeofpetroleumproductsindalian.Thenumberofinboundandoutboundfreightshipsreachedalowpointinmid-februaryandthenroserapidly,reaching119%onMarch20.SincetheoutbreakofCOVID19,thenationalmaritimeauthoritieshavestrictlyimplementedthepreventionandcontroloftheepidemicbyimplementinghierarchicalmanagement,applyinginformationanddataplatform,andestablishingemergencycontactmechanism,andsimplifiedtheprocedurestohelpshippingenterprisestoresumeworkandproduction,thushelpingthenationaleconomytostabilize.AsmajorcountriesinEuropeandtheUnitedStateswerehitbytheepidemic,internationaltradedeclined,butthenumberofvesselsenteringandleavingtheportofChina'sforeigntradecontinuedtopickup,andbyMarch20,ithadrecoveredto87.7%ofJanuary20.MostofChina'smainexportcategoriesarerecovering,withimportsandexportsofironoreandironoreproducts,chemicalsandlightindustrialproductsincreasingevenmore.Busywaterwaysnotonlyappearalongthecoast,butalsodeepinland.Hefeiport,oneofthe28majorinlandportsinChina,has47,100teuofforeigntradecargo(includinglandreformwater)onFebruary10,March13,up12.6%yearonyear.Especiallyaftertheresumptionofworkandproductioninmid-february,hefeiportexperiencedaninboundandoutboundpeakandgraduallyreturnedtothenormallevel.Withinamonth,China'sdomesticandnonstopcargoflightstootherpartsoftheworldincreasedrapidly,asdidthenumberofflightsonexistingroutes,andtheorangeandbluelinesmarkingroutesbecamethicker.SincethebeginningofFebruary,thenumberofcargoflightsinChinahasbeenrisingsteadily.Ingeneral,thepeaktimeofpassengertransportisatthebeginningofeachweek,andcargoflights"giveway"duringrouteplanning,sothe"trough"willappearrepeatedlyinthefigure.Shanghai,hometopudonginternationalairport,China'slargestcargoairport,hasseenmoreoutboundcargoflightsthandomesticones.Atthecargoterminalofpudongairport,theloadingandunloadingofseveralplanesonthegroundonFebruary3isnotobvious.OnMarch6ththerewerefewerplanesontheground,moreloadingandunloadingoperations,andmorecargopiledup.AtthecargoterminalofBeijingcapitalinternationalairport,thenumberofgoodsstackedonthegroundandthenumberofvehiclesintheparkinglotincreasedsignificantly.Accordingtostatisticsfromtheaviationbigdataplatform,onMarch10,thenumberofcargoflightsatthecapitalairportwas2.3timesthatofFebruary1,andalargenumberofmaterialsdepartedfromtheairporttogotoallpartsoftheworld.Source:WeChatpublicnumber"xinhua"
How to deal with the problem of overweight containers?
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Abstract:
ThedalianmaritimesafetyadministrationanddaliancustomsseizedacaseinJune2018inwhich35containersweremorethan130tonsoverweight.ItisthelargestcaseofoverweightcontainersinChinawiththelargestnumberofcasesandthelargestweight.     Accordingtotheweighometermeasurement,thedeclaredweightofthese35containersisseriouslyinconsistentwiththeactualweight,withatotalof133tonsoverweight.Amongthem,18containersexceedtheupperlimitofthesafeloadofcontainers,whichbringsunpredictableriskstothedockoperationandthenavigationofships.Thedalianmaritimesafetyadministrationorderedtheownerofthegoodstounloadsomeofthegoodsimmediatelyanddeclaretothecustomsandtheshiptruthfullytoensurecompliancewithinternationalconventions.     Accordingtotheintroduction,thecontaineroverloadingbehaviornotonlybringschallengestothemaritimeandcustomssupervisionorder,butalsointhetransport,loadingandunloading,stockpilingandshipstowageandnavigationlinksburiedserioussafetyhazards,shippinghistoryhasoccurredmanycausesofoverweightcontainerscausedtheshipcapsizing,casualtiesofthecase.     Howtodealwiththeproblemofoverweightcontainers?   Thecontaineritselfisweightlimited Ontheopeningdoorofeachcontaineristhemaximumweightinformation,suchasMAXGROSS:30480KGS.Itmeansthatyourcasewiththegoodsshouldnotexceedthisweight.Tareweight--20GP:2200KGS,40:3.720-4200kgs,someHQwillhaveMAXGROSS:32000KGS.     Thisisthemaximumstrengththatthecontainerbodycanbear.Iftheloadingexceedsthislimit,theboxbodymaybedeformed,thebottomplatemayfalloff,thetopbeammaybend,etc.,andalllossesarisingtherefromshallbebornebytheloader.Atpresent,mostoftheprofessionalcontainerterminalsinChinahaveinstalledautomaticloadings,so,aslongasthecontainerloadingexceededtheweightlimit,theterminalistorefusetoacceptthecontainer.Therefore,itisrecommendedthatbeforepacking,seeclearlytheweightlimitonthecontainerbody,inordertoavoidunnecessaryrepackingoperations.     Ifthegoodsarereallyoverweightandcannotbedivided,thenyoucanchooseoverweightboxes.Herewillincreaseistochoosetheweightfee,thegeneralterminal/yardwillshipthecompany'sordinarydrycontainerstackingtogether,ifyouwanttochooseoneofthespecialweightcabinet(suchastheaforementioned20weightcabinet),thedock,yardmustbefoundonebyone,theresultingcontainerselectionfeeisgenerallythesamepriceasthespecifiedcontainerfee.     Containertransportisacollaborativeprocessinvolvingmultipledepartments,sothereareotherfactorstobeconsideredbesidestheweightlimitofthecontaineritself.         Weightlimitbyshippingcompany Generally,eachshippingcompany'sweightpolicyisdifferent,aboutthestandardisnottodamagethecontainerasthestandard.     Balanceofspaceandweight.Eachcontainershiphasacertainamountofspaceandweight,butonaparticularroute,thespaceandweightarenotalwaysjustrightbalance.ThecontradictionoftenoccursinnorthChinawhereheavycargoisconcentrated.Theship'sweighthasarrivedandtheshippingspaceisstillmuchless.Inordertomakeupforthislossofshippingspace,shippingcompaniesoftenadoptthestrategyofpriceincrease,thatis,chargingextrafreightafterthecargoweightexceedsseveraltons.Therearealsoshippingcompaniesthatdonotusetheirownships,butbuytheshippingspaceofothershippingcompaniestotransport,theweightrestrictionswillbemorestrict,becausetheshippingspacebetweenshippingcompaniesarecalculatedaccordingtothestandardof1TEU=14TONSor16TONS,morethantheweightwillnotbegiventotheship.     Intheperiodoftankexplosion,accordingtotheroutetemperature,theshippingcompanywillreducetheweightlimitofeachbox.     Whenbookingspace,thelatestshipmentshouldasktheforwarderabouttheweightlimitoftheshippingcompany.Ifthereisnoconfirmationandthegoodsareheavy,thereisarisk.Someshippingcompanieswillnothaveanyroomforcommunicationaftertheyareoverweight,anddirectlyasktheconsignortotowthegoods,leavetheport,pickupthegoodsandthenweighthemagain.Thesecostsarehardtocontrol.         Portweight Mainlylookatthedockandyardmechanicalequipmentload.     Afteracontainershipisdocked,itusuallyneedsacraneatthedocktocarryoutloadingandunloadingoperations,andthenitistowedtothecontaineryardbyatruckandthenloweredbyaforklifttruck.Iftheweightofthecontainerexceedsthemechanicalload,itwillcausedifficultiestotheoperationofthedockandthestorageyard.Therefore,forsomesmallportswithbackwardequipment,theshippingcompanywillgenerallyinformtheportoftheweightlimitinadvance,andthoseexceedingthelimitwillnotbeaccepted.   Supportingfeedershiporhighwayweightlimit PeoplewhohavedonetheinlandpointoftheUnitedStateshavedeepexperiencethatthehighwaytransportationweightlimitintheUnitedStatesisverystrict,becausemanycontainersneedtobetransportedtotheinlandbyroadwithcollectorcardafterunloadingattheport,sothehighwayweightlimitalsobecomesthereasonfortheshippingcompanytolimitthecontainerweight,ofcourse,onlytodotheportisnotthelimit.     TheweightofgoodstotheUnitedStateslineisverystrict,theweightlimitismainlybytheUnitedStatesinlandpointhighwayweightlimit,thegeneralsmallcontainer17.3tons,largecontainer19.5tons.Butaccordingtodifferentportalsohasthedifferentweightlimitrequest.   Routeweight Indifferentroutes,theshippingcapacityisarrangedaccord
6%! Under the epidemic situation, the number of china-europe freight trains increased
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Abstract:
SuddenCOVID-19epidemic,disruptedtheorderofpeople'slives,allwalksoflifeareexperiencingabigtest.Despitethesuspensionofsomeairroutesandtheobstructionofroads,thenumberofchina-europefreighttrainshasincreasedagainstthetrend,andwehavegainedfirmconfidenceinstabilizingforeigntrade,foreigninvestmentandtheeconomy.       BytheendofFebruary,1,132china-europefreighttrainshadbeenrunningthisyear,up6percentyear-on-year,accordingtodatareleasedbythenationaldevelopmentandreformcommission.Behindtheupwardcurveareaseriesofinnovativemeasuresadoptedbytherailwaysector,suchasflexibletransportationhandovermethods,effectiveexpansionofgoodssources,andstrengtheningofcollectionanddistributionorganizations.               More"carpool"to"specialcar"       COVID-19epidemic,ontheflowofpeople,cargotransport,especiallycross-bordertransporttosomeextent.Inthisregard,therailwaydepartmenthastakenavarietyofmeasurestocontinuouslyexpandthescopeofbusinessandensureadequatesupplyofgoods.       OnJanuary1thisyear,thesino-europeanfreighttrain(hefe-yekibastuz)masteelspecialtrain,fullof100standardboxesoftrainwheels,leftthelogisticsbaseofhefeinorthrailwaystation,hefeifreightcenterofChinarailwayShanghaibureaugroupco.,LTD.Thisisthefirstcustomizedchina-europefreighttrainin2020issuedbyanhuiprovince.       WiththedeepeningofeconomicandtradeexchangesbetweenChinaand"OneBeltAndOneRoad"countriesalongtheroute,thefreighttrainsfromEuropeandEuropealsomovetowards"customization",andmoregoodsarechangedfrom"carpool"to"specialcar".Duringtheepidemicpreventionandcontrolperiod,Shanghaibureaugroupco.,ltd.activelycontactedplatformcompanies,majorcustomerenterprisesandfreightforwardingenterprisesbytelephoneandInternettolearnabouttheirstockingconditionsanddeliverydemands,followedupandcheckedthecustomslayerbylayerfromtheformulationoftheloadingplantotheloadingandreinforcementstatus,andsuccessivelylaunchedanumberofcustomizedchina-europefreighttrainswithdifferentdestinationsandcategories.       Inurumqiassemblycenterstation,inordertoexpandthesourceofgoods,thestaffofChinarailwayurumqibureaugroupco.,ltd.strengthenthecontactwiththeeightsteel,tunhe,zhongtaichemicalandotherenterprises,accordingtotheproduction,inventoryandsalesplan,inadvancetopreparevehicles.Siteoperatorsareondutyforseveralconsecutivedaystoanswerinquiriesandhelpcustomerswithshippingprocedures.       "Theceibsfreighttrainhasenoughgoods.Wearrangespecialstostayattheloadingpointalldaylongtoensurecustomers'demandandon-siteresponse."Thestaffsaidthatinthenextstep,Chinawillcontinuetoexpandthesizeofthechina-europefreighttrainoperation,andstrivetorunthreetrainsadaybytheendofmarch,toachievethegoalofrunningmorethan1,000trainsbytheendoftheyear.       Thefirst"point-to-point"freighttraintoreturngoodsrapiddistribution       Inadditiontothefrontoftheforce,China-Europefreighttrainreturnshipmentallocationproblemisalsoconcerned.       Undertheinfluenceoftheepidemic,somegoodssuitableforroadtransportationandairtransportation,suchasmanufacturingandelectronicgoods,weregraduallytransferredtotherailwaysector,andthereturnfreighttrainsteadilyincreased.However,someroadsareblocked,thefleethasnotyetreturnedtowork,resultinginthebacklogofcontainersintheterminal,thetransferpressureisgreater.       "Goodsarrivinginchongqingfromotherprovinces,whichweresupposedtobeunloadedandshippedtotheirdestinationbycar,arenowstuckattheterminal,affectingthenormaloperationofthework."Chongqingtuanjievillagerailwaycontainercenterstationstaffsaid.       Inordertocopewiththissituation,Chinarailwaychengdubureaugroupco.,LTD.Xinglongchangstationimmediatelycontactedthesupplyinformationofsino-europeanfreighttrainforitsreturnjourneyandprovided"point-to-point"expressfreighttrainservice.Achina-europefreighttrain(chongqing)loadedwith627.3tonsofimportedmilkpowderstarteditsjourneyfromchongqingxinglongrailwaystationtochangsha,hunanprovinceintheearlymorningofFeb.16,2016.Thisisthefirsttimethatchengdubureaugroupco.,ltd.hasadoptedthepilotinnovationofdesignatedfreighttrainsincetheoutbreakoftheepidemic,whicheffectivelysolvesthepracticaldifficultyofreceivinganddeliveringgoodsonthereturnjourneyofchina-europefreighttrain.       Optimizecustomsclearanceservicewith"zerowaitingtime"       Iftheceibsfreighttrainisregardedasarelay,thencargoclearanceisascrucialasthehandoverbar.Inthespecialperiod,therailwaydepartmentsparticipatingintheoperationofchina-europefreighttrainmadegreateffortsfromthelinkof"handoverrod"torealizethecontinuousimprovementoftransportefficiency.       Shanghaibureaugroupco.,LTD.,inclosecooperationwiththeport,customsandChinarailwaycontainercompany,hasestablishedtheintegratedlinkagecommandmodeofloading,cargoinspectionandtransportationofchina-europefreighttrain,reviewedtheloadingplandocumentsinadvance,andreducedthewaitingtimefortrainstops.       "Weimplementflexibleoffice,thepeakofthewrongwayofhandling,withthecustomertomakeanappointmenttoreviewthebill,intheabnormalworkinghoursforthecustomertocheckthebill,toensurethedeliveryofthefreighttrainplan.</p><p>Shanghaibureaugroupcompanyxuzhoufreightcen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