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How much do you know about international air transportation?

How much do you know about international air transportation?

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Air transport is swift and safe. The high efficiency on time has won a considerable market, greatly shortened the delivery time, and played a great role in promoting the logistics supply chain to speed up the capital turnover and circulation. Major airlines have invested a large number of flights to take the cargo cake. However, the cost of air transportation is higher than that of sea transportation, and the time requirement is high. The cost ratio of sea transportation is about 1:10.
Eight elements of air freight inquiry:
1. Product name (dangerous or not)
2. Weight (involving charges), volume (size and whether the goods are unloaded)
3. Packing (wooden case or pallet)
4. Destination Airport (basic or not)
5. Time required (direct or diverted)
6. Required flights (service and price difference by flight)
7. Type of Bill of Lading (Main order and Sub-order)
8. Required transportation services (customs declaration, agent of documents, customs clearance and delivery, etc.)
Air freight is divided into heavy cargo and dry cargo. 1CBM=167KG volume weight compared with the actual weight, which big according to which charge, of course, there is so a little secret in the air cargo, the peer should know, it is not convenient to speak here. Manufacturers who don't understand can figure it out for themselves.
Air freight structure - do you know?
The person that does air freight is very much, do you know airline air freight price is specific how calculate come out? A brief introduction, I hope to help you.
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Air price composition:
例 句 : The Airfreight was charged by the airline.
2.Fuel sur charge (according to the airport, the price of the destination point is different, Hong Kong is now generally the first 4 or so, 3.6 before, last year the highest 4.8, the price is adjusted by the airport, generally to Asia is 2)
3. Security check fee (1 yuan /kg fixed fee in Hong Kong)
4. Airport handling fee (HKD 283/ticket in Hong Kong, the airport is responsible for cargo loading, etc.)
5. Terminal charge: 1.72/kg when the goods are handed over to the banker, the banker is responsible for things such as plate making, and the final charge is handed over to the airport.
6. Air main bill fee: HKD15/ BL is the cost of the bill of lading -- document title.
The above describes the composition of most airline accounting fees, mainly for Hong Kong airport. Because Hong Kong is a large free trade port, and Hong Kong airport is the world's largest airport, fewer restrictions, a wide range, more cargo aircraft, the existing 78 airlines. There are more than 100 flights every day, in the guarantee of space and service, can be the first choice. Nevertheless charge is higher than domestic commonly 2 pieces left and right sides!
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Commonly used nouns by air:
ATA/ATD (Actual Time of Arrival/Actual Time of Departure)
Abbreviation for actual time of arrival/departure.
Air Waybill (AWB)
A document issued by or in the name of a shipper certifies the carriage of goods between the shipper and the carrier.
Baggage, Unaccompanied
Uncarry-on baggage that has been checked, baggage that has been checked.
Bonded Warehouse
In such warehouses, goods can be stored for indefinite periods without import duty.
Bulk Cargo
Unpalleted and unpacked bulk cargoes.
CAO (Cargo for Freighter Only)
Short for "cargo only", which means cargo only.
Charges for freight collection
The charge to the consignee is stated on the air waybill.
Charges for Prepaid freight
Show on the air waybill the charges paid by the shipper.
Chargeable Weight
The weight used to calculate air freight. The chargeable weight may be the volume weight, or when the cargo is loaded on the vehicle, the total load weight is deducted from the weight of the vehicle.
CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freightage)
Means "cost, insurance and freight", i.e. C&F plus insurance purchased by the seller for loss or damage to the goods. The seller must sign a contract with the underwriter and pay the premium.
The person whose name is listed on the air waybill to receive the goods carried by the carrier.
Consignment (Consignment)
A carrier taking delivery of one or more pieces of cargo from a shipper at a certain time and place and carrying them on a single air waybill to a certain destination.
Equivalent to shipper.
Consolidated Consignment
A shipment of goods consigned by two or more shippers, each of whom has signed an air contract with a container shipping agent.
A person or agency that aggregates goods into a container.
COSAC (Community Systems for Air Cargo)
Abbreviation for "High knowledge" computer system. Is hACTL's information and central logistics management computer system
The government agency responsible for the collection of import and export duties and the suppression of smuggling and narcotics trafficking and abuse (in Hong Kong, the Customs and Excise Department)
Customs Code
A code annotated by the Customs and Excise Department (C&ED) for a consignment to indicate the result of customs clearance or the clearance action required of the terminal operator/consignee.
Customs Clearance (Clearance).
Customs procedures which must be completed at the place of origin, in transit and at the destination for the transport or delivery of goods.
Dangerous Goods
Dangerous goods are articles or substances that, when transported by air, may pose a significant threat to health, safety or property.
Declared Value for Carriage
The value of the goods declared by the shipper to the carrier in order to determine the freight or to set the limits of the carrier's liability for loss, damage, or delay.
Declared Value for Customs
Applicable to the value of goods declared to the customs for the purpose of determining the amount of customs duties.
Disbursements from us
A fee paid by the carrier to an agent or other carrier and then charged by the ultimate carrier to the consignee. These charges are usually charged to cover the freight and miscellaneous charges incurred by an agent or other carrier for carrying the goods.
EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transportation)
It stands for Electronic Information Interchange for Management, Commerce and Transport. EDIFACT is an international standard for message syntax for electronic data interchange.
Refers to the carrier's refusal, within a certain period of time, to carry any commodity, any type or class of cargo to or from any region or place on any route or part of the route or to accept transfers.
ETA/ETD (Estimated Time of Arrival/Estimated Time of Arrival)
An abbreviation for ETA/ETA.
Export License
A government license allowing the holder (shipper) to export a specified commodity to a specified destination.
FIATA (Federation Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilees)
FIATA Licensee - Licensed to issue FIATA documents [FIATA Bill of Lading (FBL) as Certificate of Receipt (FCR) of shipper and Shipping Agent] [FIATA Bill of Lading (FBL) "as Carrier" & Forwarders in Hong Kong Member of Certificate of Receipt (FCR)]. Covered by freight forwarder liability insurance (minimum: US$250,000).
FOB (Free on Board)
On an "FOB" basis, the goods are shipped by the seller at the port of loading named in the contract of Sale. The risk of loss or damage to the goods passes to the buyer at the seller's expense when the goods pass over the ship's rail (i.e. after leaving the dock and being placed on board the ship).
FOB Airport
This term is similar to a general FOB term. The risk of loss shall pass from the seller to the buyer after the seller has delivered the goods to the air carrier at the departure airport.
An agent or company that provides services, such as receiving, forwarding, or delivering goods, to guarantee and assist in the transportation of goods.
Gross Weight
The full weight of the shipment, including the weight of the boxes and packing materials.
HAFFA (Hong Kong Air Freight Forwarding Association)
Hong Kong Freight Association Limited (HAFFA), founded in 1966, is a non-profit organization to promote, safeguard and develop the cargo transportation industry in Hong Kong.
HAWB (House Air Waybill)
This document covers individual pieces of the assembled cargo, issued by the combined cargo aggregator, and includes instructions to the dismantling agent.
IATA (International Air Transport Association)
Short for International Air Transport Association. IATA is the air transport industry's organization that provides services to airlines, passengers, cargo owners, travel service agents and governments. The aim of the association is to promote the safety and standardization of air transport (baggage inspection, tickets, weight lists) and to assist in the approval of international air freight charges. IATA is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
Import Licence
Government license document permitting the holder (consignee) to import the specified goods.
A mark marked on the package of goods to identify the goods or to give information relating to the owner.
Master Air Waybill
This is an air waybill covering a consolidated cargo, which is listed as the consignor.
Neutral Air Waybill
A standard air waybill with no designated carrier.
Perishable Cargo
Goods that are perishable within a specified period of time or under adverse temperature, humidity or other environmental conditions.
Prepacked Cargo
Cargo packed in the carrier by the shipper prior to submission to the terminal operator.
Reception Checklist List
A document issued by a freight station operator upon receipt of consignor's cargo.
Regulated Agent Regime
It is a government safety check system for all air transportation agents.
Shipment Release Form
A document issued by the carrier to the consignee for taking delivery of the goods from the operator of the freight station.
The person or company named in the contract of carriage of goods to deliver the goods to the consignee.
Shipper's Certificate for Live Animals/Dangerous Goods Shipper's Certificate for Live Animals/Dangerous Goods
Declaration made by the shipper - stating that the cargo has been properly packed and accurately described for air transport in accordance with the latest version of the IATA rules and all carrier rules and government legislation.
Shipper's Letter of Instruction
Documents containing instructions from the shipper or the shipper's agent regarding the preparation of documents and the shipment of goods.
STA/STD (Schedule Time of Arrival/Schedule Time of Departure)
An abbreviation for ETA/ETA
TACT (The Air Cargo Tariff)
Short for "Air Cargo Tariff" published by International Aviation Press (IAP) in collaboration with the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
The price, charges and/or conditions for the carriage of the goods by the carrier. Freight schedules vary by country, cargo weight and/or carrier.
Unit Load Device
Any type of container or pallet used for transporting goods.
Valuable Cargo
Goods with an average declared gross weight of us $1,000 or more per kilogram, such as gold, diamonds, etc.
Valuation Charge
Freight charges based on the declared value of the goods at the time of shipment.
Vulnerable Cargo
Goods that have no stated value but clearly require careful handling, or are particularly vulnerable to theft.