Copyright © Yiwu Lucky International Forwarding Co., Ltd.           浙ICP备16023899         Powered by 300.cn

How much do you know about international air transportation?
$info.title
Abstract:
Airtransportisswiftandsafe.Thehighefficiencyontimehaswonaconsiderablemarket,greatlyshortenedthedeliverytime,andplayedagreatroleinpromotingthelogisticssupplychaintospeedupthecapitalturnoverandcirculation.Majorairlineshaveinvestedalargenumberofflightstotakethecargocake.However,thecostofairtransportationishigherthanthatofseatransportation,andthetimerequirementishigh.Thecostratioofseatransportationisabout1:10.     Eightelementsofairfreightinquiry: 1.Productname(dangerousornot) 2.Weight(involvingcharges),volume(sizeandwhetherthegoodsareunloaded) 3.Packing(woodencaseorpallet) 4.DestinationAirport(basicornot) 5.Timerequired(directordiverted) 6.Requiredflights(serviceandpricedifferencebyflight) 7.TypeofBillofLading(MainorderandSub-order) 8.Requiredtransportationservices(customsdeclaration,agentofdocuments,customsclearanceanddelivery,etc.)       Airfreightisdividedintoheavycargoanddrycargo.1CBM=167KGvolumeweightcomparedwiththeactualweight,whichbigaccordingtowhichcharge,ofcourse,thereissoalittlesecretintheaircargo,thepeershouldknow,itisnotconvenienttospeakhere.Manufacturerswhodon'tunderstandcanfigureitoutforthemselves.       Airfreightstructure-doyouknow? Thepersonthatdoesairfreightisverymuch,doyouknowairlineairfreightpriceisspecifichowcalculatecomeout?Abriefintroduction,Ihopetohelpyou. Thepicture       Airpricecomposition: 例句:TheAirfreightwaschargedbytheairline.   2.Fuelsurcharge(accordingtotheairport,thepriceofthedestinationpointisdifferent,HongKongisnowgenerallythefirst4orso,3.6before,lastyearthehighest4.8,thepriceisadjustedbytheairport,generallytoAsiais2)   3.Securitycheckfee(1yuan/kgfixedfeeinHongKong)   4.Airporthandlingfee(HKD283/ticketinHongKong,theairportisresponsibleforcargoloading,etc.)   5.Terminalcharge:1.72/kgwhenthegoodsarehandedovertothebanker,thebankerisresponsibleforthingssuchasplatemaking,andthefinalchargeishandedovertotheairport.   6.Airmainbillfee:HKD15/BListhecostofthebilloflading--documenttitle.     Theabovedescribesthecompositionofmostairlineaccountingfees,mainlyforHongKongairport.BecauseHongKongisalargefreetradeport,andHongKongairportistheworld'slargestairport,fewerrestrictions,awiderange,morecargoaircraft,theexisting78airlines.Therearemorethan100flightseveryday,intheguaranteeofspaceandservice,canbethefirstchoice.Neverthelesschargeishigherthandomesticcommonly2piecesleftandrightsides!       Thepicture Commonlyusednounsbyair:   ATA/ATD(ActualTimeofArrival/ActualTimeofDeparture)   Abbreviationforactualtimeofarrival/departure.       AirWaybill(AWB)   Adocumentissuedbyorinthenameofashippercertifiesthecarriageofgoodsbetweentheshipperandthecarrier.       Baggage,Unaccompanied   Uncarry-onbaggagethathasbeenchecked,baggagethathasbeenchecked.       BondedWarehouse   Insuchwarehouses,goodscanbestoredforindefiniteperiodswithoutimportduty.       BulkCargo   Unpalletedandunpackedbulkcargoes.       CAO(CargoforFreighterOnly)   Shortfor"cargoonly",whichmeanscargoonly.       Chargesforfreightcollection   Thechargetotheconsigneeisstatedontheairwaybill.       ChargesforPrepaidfreight   Showontheairwaybillthechargespaidbytheshipper.       ChargeableWeight   Theweightusedtocalculateairfreight.Thechargeableweightmaybethevolumeweight,orwhenthecargoisloadedonthevehicle,thetotalloadweightisdeductedfromtheweightofthevehicle.       CIF(Cost,InsuranceandFreightage)   Means"cost,insuranceandfreight",i.e.C&Fplusinsurancepurchasedbythesellerforlossordamagetothegoods.Thesellermustsignacontractwiththeunderwriterandpaythepremium.       Consignee   Thepersonwhosenameislistedontheairwaybilltoreceivethegoodscarriedbythecarrier.       Consignment(Consignment)   Acarriertakingdeliveryofoneormorepiecesofcargofromashipperatacertaintimeandplaceandcarryingthemonasingleairwaybilltoacertaindestination.       Consignor   Equivalenttoshipper.       ConsolidatedConsignment   Ashipmentofgoodsconsignedbytwoormoreshippers,eachofwhomhassignedanaircontractwithacontainershippingagent.       Consolidator   Apersonoragencythataggregatesgoodsintoacontainer.       COSAC(CommunitySystemsforAirCargo)   Abbreviationfor"Highknowledge"computersystem.IshACTL'sinformationandcentrallogisticsmanagementcomputersystem       Customs   Thegovernmentagencyresponsibleforthecollectionofimportandexportdutiesandthesuppressionofsmugglingandnarcoticstraffickingandabuse(inHongKong,theCustomsandExciseDepartment)       CustomsCode   AcodeannotatedbytheCustomsandExciseDepartment(C&ED)foraconsignmenttoindicatetheresultofcustomsclearanceortheclearanceactionrequiredoftheterminaloperator/consignee.       CustomsClearance(Clearance).   Customsprocedureswhichmustbecompletedattheplaceoforigin,intransitandatthedestinationforthetransportordeliveryofgoods.       DangerousGoods   Dangerousgoodsarearticlesorsubstancesthat,whentransportedbyair,mayposeasignificantthreattohealth,safetyorproperty.       DeclaredValueforCarriage   Thevalueofthegoodsdeclaredbytheshippertothecarrierinordertodeterminethefreightortosetthelimitsofthecarrier'sliabilityforloss,damage,ordelay.       DeclaredValuef
And these shipping "container" charges? Drop-off fee/withholding fee/retardation fee/emptying fee/picking up fee/hollowing fee
$info.title
Abstract:
takeaway Intheshippingcost,inadditiontotheseafreight,aseriesofcostsonthe"box"alsooccupyalargeproportion,nottobeunderestimated.Whatarethecostsaroundthebox?       Thepicture       Dropcharges   Whentheboxesentertheport,thedockisnotopentocollectboxes,cannotentertheport.Theteamcan'tkeepthisboxonthepickupcard,thereareotherboxestotow,sotheywillfindaplacetodroptheboxanddragitinwhentheportareaopens.Thereisadrop-offfee.       Accruedcharges Usuallyinspecialcircumstances,itisnecessarytopickupthesuitcasebeforethenormaldateofpickingupthesuitcaseinordertoobtainthecontainernumber,fillinthemanifestorotherinformation.Thecostgeneratedatthistimeiscalledthewithholdingboxfee.   Anddropoffthebox   1.Scopeofaction:   ThewithholdingboxisusuallyusedforshipmentsboundfortheUnitedStates.   Drop-offchargesareacostincurredinexport.   2.Causesofaction:   ThecontainerwithholdingfeeisduetoAMS(anti-terrorismsurcharge),whichislimitedbytheAMSdeadline.ThecontainerloadingmaybejustaftertheAMSdeadline,butthecontainernumberneedstobeprovidedwhenAMSsendsthemanifest.Sointhiscase,youhavetopickuptheboxandputitintheyard.   Unloadingfeeiswhenthecontainerisabouttoentertheport,duetosomereasonsoftheportareaortheshippingcompany,theportareahasnotstartedtocollectthecontainer,andtheporthasnotopenedyet.Theteamwillfindaplacetodroptheboxes,andthendragtheminwhentheportopens.   3.Expenses:   Prepaidboxfee:guest.   Drop-offfee:ifthereasonistheteam,theteamwillbearthecost,iftheguestproblem,itshouldbechargedtotheguest.   Thepicture     Casesofdemurrage   Inordertospeeduptheflowofcontainersandavoidoverstocking,shippingcompaniessetfreeuseperiodsforcontainers.Insidethisdeadline,cargooccupiescontainertobeokfreeofcharge,exceeddeadline,cargooccupiescontainertoneedtopayfixedamountcharge,thisis"hysteresisboxischarged". Demurragechargeperday.Forexport,ittakes7days.Importisoftenincurredinthehysteresisfee,intheshipdockedwithinafewdays(suchastendays)theboxcanbeusedfreeofcharge,afterthespecifiedtimewillbecharged.Therefore,aftertheshiparrivesattheport,itisnecessarytocompletetheimportcustomsclearanceandarrangethedeliveryofgoodsintime,andreturntheemptycontainerstotheplacedesignatedbytheshippingcompanyintime.Thefreeusetimeofspecialcontainersisshorter.Ofcourse,differentshippingcompanieshavedifferentregulations,specificdaystoasktheshippingcompany.Ifitisthecustomer'sSOCbox,thereisnoarrestercharge. Thepicture       Entertheportfee     Afterencasement,thecontaineroftheshiphasnotopenedtheport,andthedockisnotallowedtoentertheport.Thecostofearlyentrytotheportiftheapplicationisgranted. Beforetheopeningday,andanxioustofinishtheoperationinadvance,thenhowtochoosetheadvanceentryfeeandunloadingfee?   Dropoffthecostdependsontheteam,eachteamchargestandardisdifferent,andthepeakwillalsorise.Preloadingisgenerallymorefixedandcertainlycheaperthanunloading,butnotallportscanpreload.Fromtheperspectiveofsafety,pre-entryisalsopreferred,whichcanavoidemergenciesthenextdayandhasahighdegreeofsafety. Thepicture     Pourcharges Thecostofmovingcontainers.Dumpingfeesaregenerallyduetothechangeofship.Generally,thepositionofthecontainerontheshipisplanned.Oncetheshipchanges,itisinevitabletopourthecontainer.Forexample,intheprocessofseatransportation,eachseaareahasrequirementsforshiptonnageandroute.Someshipsarenotsuitableforcertainseasordonottakecertainroutes,ortakecertainroutesarenoteconomical,andthecargowillbetransferredtootherships. Thepicture     Inaddition,thereare: 1.Thefreightchargeisthecostoftakingthecontainerfromtheterminaltothecustomsforinspection.   2.Loadingfeeisthecostofcarryingthecontainertothecontainercarwhenthegoodsneedtobetransportedaftercustomsclearance.   3.Airreturnfeeisthecostofrunningbackwithemptycontainersaftertheimportgoodsarepulledtothefactoryandunloaded,andviceversaforexports.Inexportfreight,ifthefactoryorfreightforwarderhastakentheboxesoutoftheyard,butforsomereason(suchasthegoodsarenotontime),thecontainerisnotpackedandthecontainerisreturnedempty,theshippingcompanywillchargethefactoryacertainfee,usually80%ofthetrailerfee.Thisfeeiscalledthe"returncharge"or"returncharge". Thepicture   4.Thefeeischargedwhenthecustomsorcommodityinspectionneedstoopentheboxandforktheforkliftoutthegoodsforinspection. 5.Portflushingchargereferstothechargechargedtothecontainerlateenteringtheportwhenthecontainerissenttothedesignateddockorstorageyardlaterthanthestipulatedcut-offtime,inordertocatchthewatership,andthestorageyardisjustwillingtoacceptthegoods,...... Therearealotofchargesforboxes.Ifyoudon'tnotice,youwillincurextracharges.Inanycase,inordertoshiptheboxessmoothly,avoidadditionalcostsandgreatercostlosses,weneedtomakeclearthesecostsandmakeajudgmentinadvance! Thepicture
How many of these bills of lading do you know?
$info.title
Release time:
2021-07-23 16:56
Abstract:
TheBILLOFLADING(B/L)representsthegoodsandmustbeunderstoodadequately.       Basicknowledgeandpointstonote   B/Lisusuallymadein3originalsand3copies,butalsoin2originalsand3copies.Iftheletterofcreditrequiresit,itshouldbespecifiedwiththeforwarder.       WhenT/Tpaymentmethod,theoreticallyonlyoneoriginalcanbeneeded(otheroriginalwillautomaticallybecomeinvalidaftertakingdelivery,andthecopycannotbetakendelivery).AfterT/Treceivesallthepayment,oneoriginalcanbeconsideredtobereservedforyourselfwhensendingtheoriginaltothecustomer,andtherestcanbesenttothecustomer(inordertoavoidthebillofladinglostonthewayofsending).       2.Thecarrier(fullname)shouldbeshownonthefrontofthebilloflading.ThisiswhatIknow.Infact,whenIwasmakingtheletterofcredit,thebanktoldmethatthebillofladingdidnotshowthecarrier,butitwasstillsafetodeliverthedocumentsandcollectthepayment(sotheoreticallyitshouldbeshown).       Thecarrierisdirectlystampedandsignedbythecarrierinthelowerrightcorner.       Wherethecarrierisnotshownonthefrontandthebillofladingissignedbythecarrier,theidentityofthesignatoryshallbeindicatedwhenthebillofladingissigned.       Abillofladingbearingthefullnameofthecarrieronthefrontbutsignedbythecarriershallbesignedwiththecarrier'sidentityindicated.       3.OnBoardBillofLadingandstandbyonboardBillofLading:       Onboardbilloflading:Abillofladingissuedafterthegoodshavebeenloadedonboard.       Standbyonboardbilloflading:abillofladingissuedwhenthegoodshavenotbeenloadedonboardonbehalfofthecarriertotakeoverthegoodsdeliveredbytheshipperandthereforecannotprovethedateofshipment(thedateofstandbyonboardbillofladingisnotthedateofshipment).       Astandbyonboardbillofladingshallnotbeconvertedtoanonboardbillofladinguntilitisstamped"onboard"andindicatedwiththedateofshipment.       Billofladingmustnothavedirtynotation.       5.Theconsigneeandnotifiersofthebillofladingmustbespecifiedinstrictaccordancewiththecredit.       6.Issue,dateandnumberofcopiesofbilloflading:Thebillofladingmustbeissuedbythecarrierormasterortheiragentandmustclearlyidentifytheissuer.THEvaluecanbeCARRIER,CAPTAIN,orASAGENTFORTHECARRIER:XXX.       7.Ifthenameoftheshippingcompany(carrier)isprintedonthebilloflading,usuallytheforwarderswillprintonitasagentforthecarrier.Ifthenameoftheshippingcompanyisnotprintedonthebilloflading,itshouldhavethesealandsignatureoftheshippingcompany.(Yourbillofladingshouldbetheshippingcompanybillofladingsignedbythecarrier.)       8.Discrepancybetweencreditandbilloflading:Carriernotshownonbilloflading.Lookingitup,theofficialexplanationwentlikethis:Accordingtotheuniformcustomsandpracticefordocumentaryletterofcredit,paragraph1ofarticle23,oceanbillsofladingmustindicatethenameofthecarrieratthesurface,andbythecarrierorasagentofthecarrieroronbehalfofsignedorconfirmedinotherways,orbythemasteroranamedagentfororonbehalfofthecaptainassignedorconfirmedinotherways.       FREIGHTFORWARDERB/LreferstoabillofladingissuedbyaFREIGHTFORWARDERthatisengagedininternationalcargotransportationbutdoesnotownaship.ORIGINALBILLOFLADING   Thepicture   L/Cpaymentconditionsofeachdocumentproductiontimesequence       Contract-->letterofcredit-->Invoice(thedateofinvoiceshouldbeearlierthanthedateofpresentationandvalidityoftheletterofcredit,thedateofcommercialinvoiceshouldnotbeearlierthanthedateofopeningoftheletterofcredit,andthedateofinvoiceshouldbeatthefirstofalldocuments)-->Certificateoforigin(thedateofcertificateoforiginshouldbethesameasthedateontheinvoicemadebyyourself.ApplicationforcertificateofOrigincanbemadeonoraftertheinvoiceismade,Issuealsoisequaltoorlaterthanthedateoftheinvoicedate),commodityinspection,insurancepolicy,packinglist,exportlicense,andotherinspectioncertificate->shippingcompanycertificate(ifrequired)--------->>thebilloflading,billofexchange(draft(s)tobeearlierthanthel/cdeliverydateandvalidityofasingleday)andbeneficiary'scertificate(orbeneficiary'scertificatestatingthatthel/cnoShippingadvice(equaltoorlessthanthreedaysafterthedateofbilloflading).Alldocumentsrequiredtobepresentedaredatedearlierthanthedayofdelivery.       Theabovetimesequenceisbasicallyconsistentwiththewholeforeigntradeprocess,afteracompletesingletoclearthedetailsofthewholeprocess.       Classificationofthebilloflading       Billofladinginforeigntrade,adocumentissuedtotheconsignorbythetransportationdepartmentwhencarryinggoods.Theconsigneeshalltakedeliveryofthegoodstothetransportdepartmentatthedestinationofthegoodsbythebilloflading,whichshallbecomeeffectiveafterbeingsignedbythecarrierortheship.Itisoneofthevaliddocumentsformaritimecargodeclarationtothecustoms.Belowxiaobiantogiveyouthelistofninecategories,specificasfollows:   1,accordingtothebillofladingconsignee'stitlepoints   ①StraightB/L:Referstothebillofladinginwhichthenameofaspecificpersonorcompanyisspecifiedintheboxof"Consignee"ontheStraightB/L.Thegoodsaredeliveredwhenthenominatedconsigneesurrenderingoneoriginalbillofladingtothecarrierorhisagent.Althoughastraightbillofladingisadocumentofentitlement,itisnotnegotiable.InChina,straightbillofladingisnottransferable.    
Page up
1